The Son of Man was a title Jesus applied to himself. As such, most New Testament mentions of this phrase are found in the four gospels.
Jesus used this phrase euphemistically. His close followers likely understood it to mean the Son of God, yet his adversaries (the Jewish leaders) were in the dark.
It’s likely that had he publicly called himself the Son of God, he would have been quickly executed for blasphemy. In fact, he was killed only hours after he admitted to being the Son of God (Luke 22:70).
The phrase son of man is also found in the Old Testament, mostly in the book of Ezekiel, seemingly as a pet nickname that God called Ezekiel.
However, Daniel records that “In my vision at night I looked, and there before me was one like a son of man, coming with the clouds of heaven” (Daniel 7:13). Jesus likely took his title, the Son of Man, from this verse.
The Son of God is a descriptive name for Jesus, since he is the Son of the Heavenly Father (God).
However, instead of referring to himself as the Son of God, Jesus generally called himself the Son of Man.
The Son, or Son of God, is the second part of the Godhead, or Trinity, which is comprised of the Father, the Son (Jesus, the Christ), and the Holy Spirit.
God the Father sent his Son, Jesus, to earth to redeem or reconcile us to him.
While he was on earth, Jesus generally referred to himself as the Son of Man.
A savior is one who saves or rescues another from a calamity or danger. This descriptive noun is often used as a proper noun, Savior, to reference Jesus who rescues those who follow him.
Also see Christ and Messiah.
Messiah is another name for Christ, which literally means messiah. Both Christ and Messiah are titles for Jesus; as such they are often used interchangeably to refer to him.
[Read Bible verses about Jesus, the Messiah.]
Jesus is God who came to earth as a man.
The purpose of Jesus’ coming to earth was to die in place of all of us for the wrongs we have done. In essence, he paid our fine and did our time — so we won’t have to. If we accept this act of Jesus’, it makes us right with God the Father, thereby allowing us to serve him now and be with him for eternity. It’s easy to accept this gift (it’s free) and start on a journey with Jesus. Jesus simply said, “Come, follow me,” (Mark 1:17).
After Jesus died, he rose from the dead, thereby overcoming death, and waits for his followers to join him in heaven.
The Bible sometimes calls him “Jesus of Nazareth” or “Jesus the son of Joseph.” Jesus referred to himself as the Son of man. Son of God is another apt title, which others used for him, but which Jesus seldom used himself, because doing so would inflame the religious leaders who would charge him with blasphemy and prematurely execute him. Later, when the time was right, they did execute him (Luke 23:33).
Jesus, along with the Father and Holy Spirit, make up the Trinity.
Interestingly, the phrase “Great Physician” is not found in the Bible.
However, Jesus referred to himself as a healer and a physician, caring for people and curing them of their diseases and illnesses. Because of his immense healing ministry he is often called the “Great Physician” and this is a commonly accepted descriptive name for him.
The Good Shepherd is a descriptive title for Jesus. Just as a good shepherd watches over and cares for his sheep, Jesus, our Good Shepherd watches over and cares for those who follow him, that is, his sheep. See John 10:1-16; also Psalm 119:176, Isaiah 53:6, Ezekiel 34:11, 1 Peter 2:25, and Matthew 9:36.
The Godhead is essentially another name for the Trinity and encompasses the divine nature of God: the Father, Son, and Holy Spirit.
Christ is often used interchangeably as a name for Jesus. Sometimes the two are used together, as in Jesus Christ or Jesus, the Christ.
When stated as Jesus, the Christ, this renders Christ as a title. Literally, Christ means the anointed or Messiah.