Biblical judgment is generally the spiritual parallel to being legally judged in a court of law against a preset standard.
In the Old Testament, judgment often refers to God‘s righteous punishment of those who continually turn their backs on him or harm his people. In many cases, the judgment was to the entire nation of Israel, although sometimes it was to individuals, groups, or other nations.
In other cases, judgment (the act of judging) refers to one person judging another. The New Testament has much to say about this type of judgment, generally critical in nature (Matthew 7:1-2, Luke 6:37, 1 Corinthians 4:3, 1 Corinthians 5:12-13, 1 Corinthians 6:2-5, and James 4:11-12.