Transgress is a verb that means to violate a law, to exceed a limit, to commit a crime, or to sin. Typical uses of transgress in the Bible are to sin against God or to break his laws and commandments.
Transgression is the noun form of transgress, which means a crime, a sin, or a breach or violation of the Law. In the Bible, the Israelites where often chastised by the prophets for their transgressions, that is for breaking the Law of God.
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