The prophetic book of Nahum is essentially a sequel to the book of Jonah. Both focus on the people of Nineveh. Jonas proclaims doom and destruction on them; they have a change of heart (repent); and God relents.
A century or so later, they have forgotten all about that. This time Nahum proclaims doom and destruction; this time there is no change of heart; and history records that they are soon destroyed.
What did they do? Nahum simply pronounces that they are guilty (Nahum 1:3) and later shares some details:
- They plot evil against God [Nahum 1:11]
- They are vile [Nahum 1:14]
- They lie and steal [Nahum 3:1]
- They enslave nations [Nahum 3:4]
The city of Nineveh is given a second chance, but they miss it — and they pay a heavy price.
God is patient (Nahum 1:3), but not patient forever. If he gives us a second change, we’d better take it.